Gymnadenia needs nutritious and calcareous ground. The flowers have an almost thread thin long spur filled with nectar. The scents very well and flower fragrance reminiscent of the aroma of Platanthera bifolia can be felt throughout the day, but is strongest at night. The flowers are attracted by insects.


In Norway species Nigritella nigra been transferred to the genus Gymnadenia. I do not think the species is found in England. 

Brudespore - engbrudespore - Norske Orkideer

Chalk Fragrant-orchid – Gymnadenia conopsea ssp. conopsea

Brudespore - Praktbrudespore - gymnadenia conopsea ssp. densiflora

Chalk Fragrant-orchid – Gymnadenia conopsea ssp. conopsea

Chalk Fragrant Orchid is from 15 to 40 cm tall, and gets 5-10 leaves. 15 to 60 flowers that are from 15 to 60 in number sitting on an inflorescence that can be more than 15 cm long. The flowers are colourful, eye-catching and range from pale violet to dark purple. White Flowering plants are not so rare.

Chalk Fragrant Orchid is widespread throughout Norway from the sea level up to 1560 m. Oppland. Chalk Fragrant Orchid can grow both dry and moist and trives excellent in full sun. In the mountains, it can also be found in the marsh. Our Chalk Fragrant Orchid can also be said to be a pioneer plant when they can quickly establish themselves in amounts such felled areas.

Engbrudespore med bloddrapesvermer




Marsh Fragrant-orchid – Gymnadenia conopsea ssp. densiflora

Marsh Fragrant Orchid is our second subspecies of Gymadenia and Marsh Fragrant Orchid in 2007 “rediscovered” because the old reports had been forgotten. There are a small number of discoveries in Eastern Norway. Marsh Fragrant Orchid is believed to be scattered along the coast as far north as the border between Nordland and Troms. In Northern Norway, the centre of gravity in Salten.

The plant can under favourable conditions be up to 70 cm high, has broader leaves than Chalk Fragrant-orchid and can obtain from 30 to more than 100 snug pink flowers. Flowers lip Marsh Fragrant orchid is broader than long with two large side lobes. Petal is centered, stands horizontally outwards and tapers not towards the end as at Chalk Fragrant orchid. Marsh Fragrant Orchid blooms several weeks later than Chalk Fragrant Orchid .

Marsh Fragrant orchid are considered as nearly threatened on the Norwegian Red List.