Synonyms: Dactylorhiza traunsteineri, Dactylorhiza majalis ssp. sphagnicola
Dactylorhiza sphagnicola is outside the Nordic countries known northern Russia, parts of Germany, the Alps, the Be-Ne-Lux countries and parts of the British Isles. In Scandinavia’s Dactylorhiza traunsteineri in Sweden, Finland and Norway. In Norway we find the Vest-Agder to Østfold and further north to Bodø in Nordland. Chromosome Numbers 2n = 80.
Dactylorhiza sphagnicola is a highly variable plant with countless variations throughout its range and even experts have trouble deciding subspecies and transitional forms. It is believed that Dactylorhiza traunsteineri has been done through hybrids of D. incarnata × D fuchsii. The typical Norwegian edition of the species is a slender orchid that is 20-40 cm high and 2-4 leaves without spots. The leaves are narrow and the lower leaf is broadest towards the centre. The inflorescence has green or somewhat brownish support sheet. The flowers have purple colour and have fewer flowers that sits more frugal than D. incarnata. The lip is 7-9 mm long, three-lobed with middle lobe slightly longer than side lobes that are slightly bent. The drawings are not contiguous middle of the lip.
This orchid is found primarily on the rich fen, but can also be found on some poor marshlands with Sphagnum. Is a must have good knowledge to distinguish between D. sphagnicola and D. incarnata, and it is probably often perceived to be D. incarnata. The species blooms in June. Although I have visited several marshlands in Oslo, Akershus and Buskerud with occurrences of this species. The one marsh that is not a rich fen is known for its large and up to 50 cm tall examples. Another and richer marsh located a few hundred meters beyond and there are the typical local occurrence of species a height of only about 20 cm.
Dactylorhiza sphagnicola is rated as vulnerable on the Norwegian Red List.